Gum Disorders

Gum disease also known as periodontal disease is inflammation caused by bacterial growth in the mouth around the tooth and along the gum line. If ignored, this disease can cause loss of teeth. There are four general stages to gum disease. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to the more serious condition of periodontitis.

Stage 1: Gingivitis is the first stage of gum diseasea nd its symptoms include inflamed or red gums that may bleed when brushed.

Stage 2: In early periodontitis, slight loss of bone that supports the teeth occurs even though other symptoms may not be easily observed.

Stage 3: In moderate periodontitis, more bone and gum tissue is destroyed and loosening of teeth may also occur.

Stage 4: Advanced periodontitis is the most severe stage of the disease. Symptoms become more severe, teeth can become very loose and biting and chewing may be difficult. Extensive dental treatment is typically required to try to correct the damage of advanced periodontitis.